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WALLACHIAN, MOLDAVIAN AND TRANSYLVANIAN

Historical Overview


The Hungarian army at this time was an expensive but obsolete army, mostly reliant on old fashioned heavily armoured knights. It was divided into three main units: the Transylvanian army charged with guarding the passes in the Transylvanian Alps; the main army, led by Louis himself (beside numerous Spanish, German, Czech and Serbian mercenaries); and another smaller force, commanded by a Croatian Count.

After the stuff described in the Hungarian wiki entry happened, an Ottoman army set out from Constantinople on 16 April 1526 led by Suleiman the Magnificent to finish the job. The Hungarian nobles did not realize the dimensions of the approaching danger and almost didn't turn up at all, but then picked the wrong terrain choice for Mohacs and also didn't wait for reinforcements so making the "not turning up and having someone ravage your country whilst you were out shopping" option look relatively attractive.

As the first of Suleiman's troops advanced onto the battlefield they were attacked and routed by Hungarian troops. This attack by the Hungarian right was successful in causing considerable chaos among the irregular Ottoman troops, but even as the Hungarian attack pressed forward, the Ottomans rallied with the arrival of Ottoman regulars deployed from the reserves. While the Hungarian right advanced far enough at one time to place Suleiman in danger from Hungarian arrows that struck his cuirass, the superiority of the Ottoman regulars and the timely charge of the Janissaries, the elite troops of the Ottomans, probably overwhelmed the attackers, particularly on the Hungarian left. The Hungarians took serious casualties from the skillfully handled Turkish artillery and musket volleys. The Hungarians could not hold their positions, and those who did not flee were surrounded and killed or captured. The result was a disaster for Hungary which meant the end of the independent Kingdom of Hungary as a unified entity.

Bohemia fell to the Habsburgs, who also dominated the Northern and western parts of Hungary and the remnants of the Kingdom of Croatia, while the Ottomans held central Hungary and suzerainty over semi-independent Transylvania. This provided the Hungarians with sufficient impetus to continue to resist the Ottoman occupation, which they did for another seventy years.
The subsequent near constant warfare required a sustained commitment of Ottoman forces, proving a drain on resources that the largely rural and war torn kingdom proved unable to repay. Christian armies besieged Buda several times during the 16th century, and Suleiman himself died of natural causes in Hungary during the Battle of Szigetver in 1566; there were also two unsuccessful Ottoman sieges of Eger, which did not fall until 1596, seventy years after the Ottoman victory at Mohacs

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday 30 of November, 2013 14:47:04 GMT by admin. (Version 4)

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