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VASA SWEDISH        

VASA SWEDISH

Historical Overview

The Early Vasa era is a period that in Swedish history lasted between 1523–1611. It began with the reconquest of Stockholm by Gustav Vasa and his men from the Danes in 1523, and Sweden's consequent abandonment of the Kalmar Union, and continued with the reign of Gustav's sons Eric XIV, John III, John's son Sigismund, and finally Gustav's youngest son Charles IX.

In August 1521 The Swedish War of Liberation started, and would last until the capture of Stockholm in June 1523. Gustav Vasa then consolidated his rule against claims from Denmark, and helped Sweden build the first modern army in Europe, which came flat packed and was supported by a sophisticated tax system and government bureaucracy. Gustavus proclaimed the Swedish crown hereditary in his family, the house of Vasa. It ruled Sweden (1523–1654) and Poland (1587–1668).

Gustav had to face half-dozen peasant risings between 1525 to 1543, ending when the Dacke War was crushed. Gustav thought Ivan IV of Russia, wanted to establishg a universal monarchy round the Baltic sea, and waged an inconclusive war against him in 1554–1557.

After Gustav's death, his oldest son Eric XIV ascended the throne. His regency was marked by Sweden's entrance into the Livonian War and Northern Seven Years' War. Erik XIV also obstructed Danish plans to conquer Estonia, and added the insignia of Norway and Denmark to his own coat of arms. Lübeck, upset over obstacles of trade that Erik had introduced to hinder the Russian trade and withdrawn trade privileges, joined Denmark in a war alliance. Poland soon joined, wanting control of the Baltic trading.

On August 13, 1563, war was declared in Stockholm by emissaries from Denmark and Lubeck. The so called Northern Seven Years' War commenced, with exhausting assault on land and water. Eric undaunted continued the war until his insanity in 1567 halted the Swedish warfare. A magnates' uprising led by John led to Erik's deposition and the kingship of John who then entered an anti-Russian league with Stephen Bathory of Poland in 1578. The war between Russia and Sweden for the possession of Estonia and Livonia (1571–1577) had been uninterruptedly disastrous to Sweden, and, in the beginning of 1577, a countless Russian host sat down before Reval. With the help of Bathory, however, the scales soon turned in the opposite direction. Six months after his humiliating peace with the Polish monarch, Ivan IV was glad to conclude a truce with Sweden also on a uti possidetis basis at Plussa, on August 5, 1582. The war was resumed by Russians as soon as the truce expired, leading to the Treaty of Tyavzino, far less advantageous for Sweden.

John was followed by the regency of John's son Sigismund. Sigismund however was not able to defend the throne against Gustav's youngest son Charles (IX)



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Lists

Name and Date
  • Finnish Skirmishers LF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6
  • Calivermen and Muskets MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 8
  • Calivermen and Muskets MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6
  • German Syle Foot MF Unarmoured Poor Arquebus 6 LT
  • German Style Foot HF Unarmoured Poor Pike Pike 3 LT
  • Scots HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 3 LT
  • Scots MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6 LT
  • Scots HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 3 LT
  • Scots MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6 LT
  • Germans HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 3 LT
  • Germans MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6 LT
  • Other Landsryttare Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • Other Landsryttare Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • Adelfana Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Average Pistol Pistol 4
  • Landsryttare Nobles Horse Armoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • Landsryttare Nobles Horse Armoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • Medium Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • Medium Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 4 TCs

Books


Michael Roberts: The early Vasas: a history of Sweden 1523-1611 (1968).

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday 14 of February, 2012 22:55:50 GMT by admin. (Version 5)

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