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THIRTY YEARS WAR FRENCH        

THIRTY YEARS WAR FRENCH

Historical Overview

France, although Roman Catholic, was a rival of the Holy Roman Empire and Spain. Cardinal Richelieu felt that the Habsburgs were too powerful, and so had already begun intervening indirectly in the war in January 1631, when the French diplomat Hercules de Charnace signed the Treaty of Boerwalde with Gustavus Adolphus, by which France agreed to support the Swedes with 1,000,000 livres each year in return for a Swedish promise to maintain an army in Germany against the Habsburgs. The treaty also stipulated that Sweden would not conclude a peace with the Holy Roman Emperor without first receiving France's approval.

After the Swedish rout at Nordlingen in September 1634 and the Peace of Prague in 1635 where the Protestant German princes sued for peace with the German emperor, as Sweden's ability to continue the war alone appeared doubtful, Richelieu made the decision to enter into direct war against the Habsburgs. France declared war on Spain in May 1635 and the Holy Roman Empire in August 1636, opening offensives against the Habsburgs in Germany and the Low Countries. France aligned her strategy with the allied Swedes in Wismar (1636) and Hamburg (1638).

Initially after the Peace of Prague, the Swedish army under Johan Ban�r was pushed back by the re-inforced Imperial army up north into Germany. The pursuit of the Swedish army led to desertions and other losses in the Imperial army, and finally they met in the Battle of Wittstock in 1636. The Swedish army under Ban�r defeated the Imperial army reversing many of the effects of their defeat at Nordlingen.

French military efforts met with disaster, and the Spanish counter-attacked, invading French territory. The Imperial general Johann von Werth and Spanish commander Cardinal-Infante Ferdinand of Spain ravaged the French provinces of Champagne, Burgundy and Picardy, and even threatened Paris in 1636 before being repulsed by Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar. Bernhard's victory in the Battle of Compiogne pushed the Habsburg armies back towards the borders of France. Widespread fighting ensued, with neither side gaining an advantage. In 1642, Cardinal Richelieu died.

After the battle of Wittstock, the Swedish army regained the initiative in the German campaign. In the Second Battle of Breitenfeld in 1642, outside Leipzig, the Swedish Field Marshal Lennart Torstenson, defeated an army of the Holy Roman Empire, led by Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria and his deputy, Prince-General Ottavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi. The Imperial army suffered 20,000 casualties. In addition, the Swedish army took 5,000 prisoners and seized 46 guns. 4,000 Swedes were killed or wounded. The battle enabled Sweden to occupy Saxony. His defeat made Emperor Ferdinand III more willing to negotiate peace, not only with France, but also impressed on him the need to include Sweden.

In 1643, Louis XIII died, leaving his five-year-old son Louis XIV on the throne. French General Louis II de Bourbon, 4th Prince de Conde, Duc d'Enghien, The Great Conde defeated the Spanish army at the Battle of Rocroi in 1643. The chief minister of Louis XIII, Cardinal Mazarin, facing the domestic crisis of the Fronde in 1645, began working to end the war.

Manufacturers

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Lists

Name and Date
700AP used by Ben and Bob at Derby 2015
Ben Jones 700AP list
1 Horse, Armoured Average Pistol Pistol 4
2 Guard MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
2 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
2 Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
3 Guard MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
3 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
3 Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
4 Pettits Vieux MF Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
4 HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
4 Reg Gun Average Reg Gun 1
5 Pettits Vieux MF Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
5 HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
5 Reg Gun Average Reg Gun 1
6 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
7 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
8 Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
9 Guard MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
9 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
9 Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
10 Some other unit of good horse
2 TCs, 1 IC


700AP used at Roll Call 2014
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
2 Medium Guns
4 Dragoons
4 Armoured harquebusiers
4 Dragoons
2 Guns
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
3 TCs

700AP used at Roll Call 2014
2 Dragoons
2 Dragoons
4 Average LH w/Carbine
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
Horse, Average, Armoured, Pi/Pi
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
P'tit Vieux, Average & Gun Musket*
2 Guns
2 Superior Foot (?) units
3 TCs

Ben Jones 700AP list
1 Gendarmes Horse Armoured Average Pistol Pistol 4
2 Guard MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
2 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
2 Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
3 Guard MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
3 HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
3 Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
4 Pettits Vieux MF Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
4 HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
4 Reg Gun Average Reg Gun 1
5 Pettits Vieux MF Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
5 HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
5 Reg Gun Average Reg Gun 1
6 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
7 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
8 Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
9 Weimarian Demi-Cuir Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
12 Weimarian Infantry MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 6
12 Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
13 Weimarian Infantry MF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
13 HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
13 Reg Gun Average Reg Gun 1
10 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
11 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
3 TCs


800AP list used at Britcon by Matthew Poole
4 Drg Unarm Ave Arq
4 Drg Unarm Ave M
4 MF Unarm Ave M, 2 HF Unarm Ave Pk
4 H Unarm Ave Carb/P
4 H Arm Ave Carb/P
4 MF Unarm Ave M, 2 HF Arm Ave Pk
4 MF Unarm Ave M, 2 HF Arm Ave Pk
4 MF Unarm Ave IF/M, 2 HF Unarm Ave Pk + RG
4 MF Unarm Sup IF/M, 2 HF Unarm Sup Pk + RG
4 MF Unarm Sup IF/M, 2 HF Unarm Sup Pk + RG
4 MF Unarm Ave IF/M, 2 HF Unarm Ave Pk + RG
4 H HArm Sup P/P
4 H HArm Sup P/P
2 Med Guns
FC, TC & Dutch Ally TC

800AP list used at Britcon
1 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
2 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
3 Petits Vieux Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
3 Petits Vieux Infantry MF Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
4 German Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
5 Petits Vieux Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
5 Petits Vieux Infantry MF Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
6 Chevaux Legers Horse Unarmoured Average Pistol Pistol 4
7 Guard Infantry HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
7 Guard Infantry MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
8 German infantry HF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
8 German infantry MF Armoured Average Pike Pike 2
9 German Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 2
10 Guard Infantry HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
10 Guard Infantry MF Unarmoured Superior Musket'* Impact Ft. 4
10 Regimental Gun Reg Gun Superior 1
11 Dutch Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
11 Dutch Infantry MF Armoured Average Pike Pike 2
12 Dutch Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
12 Dutch Infantry MF Armoured Average Pike Pike 2
13 Dutch Kurassiere Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
14 Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
15 German Kurassiere Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
16 Dutch Kurassiere Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4

4 TC's,2 of which are allied Dutch and German

800AP list used by Ben Jones at Britcon
  • 2 Dragoons
  • 2 Dragoons
  • Petits Vieux
  • Petits Vieux + a little Gun
  • Petits Vieux
  • 2 Dragoons
  • 6 Superior Musketeers and a little Gun
  • Normal Pike and Shotte with a little Gun
  • 4 Superior Armoured Pi/Pi Determined Horse
  • 4 French Armoured Average Pi/Pi Horse
  • 2 Medium Guns
  • French Guards and a little Gun
  • French Guards and a little Gun
(Weimarian Allies)

500AP army used very successfully in 25mm by Ben Jones at Farnboro 2012
2 TCs
1 Artillery Mart - Average - - - - 2
2 Petit Vieux HF Unarmoured Average - Pike Pike - 2
2 MF Unarmoured Average Musket* Impact Foot - - 4
2 Rgun - Average - - - - 1
3 Petit Vieux HF Unarmoured Average - Pike Pike - 2
3 MF Unarmoured Average Musket* Impact Foot - - 4
3 Rgun - Average - - - - 1
4 Guard HF Unarmoured Superior - Pike Pike - 2
4 MF Unarmoured Superior Musket* Impact Foot - - 4
4 Rgun - Superior - - - - 1
5 Guard HF Armoured Superior - Pike Pike - 2
5 MF Unarmoured Superior Musket* Impact Foot - - 4
5 Rgun - Superior - - - - 1
6 Cheviux-Legiers Ho Armoured Average - Pistol Pistol - 4
7 Dragoons Dr Unarmoured Average Musket Impact Foot - - 2
8 Petit Vieux HF Unarmoured Average - Pike Pike - 2
8 MF Unarmoured Average Musket* Impact Foot - - 4
9 Cheviux-Legiers Ho Armoured Average - Pistol Pistol - 4

500 AP army used by Paddy at Farnboro
2 x TC + one ally
1 Artillery Mart - Average - - - 2
2 French Dragoons Dr Unarmoured Average Musket - - 2
3 French Dragoons Dr Unarmoured Average Musket - - 2
4 Allied German Dragoons Dr Unarmoured Average Musket - - 2
5 Allied German Dragoons Dr Unarmoured Average Musket - - 2
6 Cheveau Legers Ho Unarmoured Average - Pistol Pistol 4
7 German Infantry Regiment HF Armoured Average - Pike Pike 2
7 MF Unarmoured Average Musket - - 4
8 Petits Vieux Infantry Regt HF Unarmoured Average - Pike Pike 2
8 MF Unarmoured Average Musket* Impact Foot - 4
9 Petits Vieux Infantry Regt HF Unarmoured Average - Pike Pike 2
9 MF Unarmoured Average Musket* Impact Foot - 4
10 Petits Vieux Infantry Regt HF Armoured Superior - Pike Pike 2
10 MF Unarmoured Superior Musket* Impact Foot - 4
10 Rgun - Superior - - - 1
11 German Kurassiere Ho Heavily Armoured Superior - Pistol Pistol 4

Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday 12 of October, 2015 21:32:53 BST by admin. (Version 10)

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