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LATER SWEDISH        

LATER SWEDISH

Historical Overview

Once the Thirty Years War was over and Gustavus Adolphus was dead because he didn't like armour,his daughter reigned for a bit, but she was a bit strange and then gave up being queen in favour of someone who had not read history properly who declared himself Charles X, despite being only the 4th King Charles of Sweden.

Charles X soon kicked off a war against the LATER POLISH AND LITHUANIAN Commonwealth Commonwealth, in what became the Second (or Little) Northern War (1655–1660). By the time war was declared he had at his disposal 50,000 men. On 21 July 1655 Swedish army under Arvid Wittenberg crossed into Poland and proceeded towards the encampment of the Greater Poland Levy of the Nobility encamped among the banks of the Note? river, with some regular infantry for support.

On 25 July the LATER POLISH AND LITHUANIAN Commonwealth noble levy army capitulated, and placed themselves under the protection of the Swedish King. The Swedes entered Warsaw without opposition and occupied the whole of Greater Poland. The Polish king, John II Casimir of Poland (1648–68) of the House of Vasa, eventually fled to Silesia after his armies had suffered defeats. A great number of Polish nobles and their personal armies joined the Swedes, including the majority of the famous Winged Hussars. Many Poles saw Charles X Gustav as a strong monarch who could be a more effective leader than John II Casimir, but lots of others disagreed and it made life hard for Charles X to actually make his victories stick.

In the beginning of 1656 King John II Casimir returned from exile and the reorganised Polish army, increased in numbers. By this time Charles had discovered that he could more readily defeat the Poles than conquer Poland. It got even more messy when the Later Russians signed a cease-fire with the LATER POLISH AND LITHUANIAN Commonwealth and then pursued a campaign in Livonia and laid siege to Riga, the second largest city in the Swedish Realm.

Charles's retreat from Jaros?aw to Warsaw almost ended with disaster, for he returned with the fragments of his host, for his army was trapped by he LATER POLISH AND LITHUANIAN Commonwealth armies – amidst three converging armies, in a marshy forest region intersected in every direction by well-guarded rivers – is considered one of his most brilliant achievements. But on 21 June 1656 the LATER POLISH AND LITHUANIAN Commonwealth retook Warsaw, and four days later Charles was obliged to purchase the assistance of Frederick William I, by the treaty of Marienburg (23 June 1656). On 28 July-30 the combined Swedes and Brandenburgers, 18,000 strong, after a three days’ battle, defeated John Casimir's army of 40,000 at Warsaw, however the LATER POLISH AND LITHUANIAN Commonwealth forces promptly withdrew with no large losses and apparent strong will to fight another day, while Swedish host reoccupied the Polish capital again, causing great destruction to the city and its inhabitants

The difficulties of Charles X in Poland are believed to have caused him to receive the tidings of the Danish declaration of war on 1 June 1657 with extreme satisfaction. He had learnt from Torstensson that Denmark was most vulnerable if attacked from the south, and he attacked Denmark with a velocity which paralysed resistance. But the fortress of Fredriksodde (Fredericia) held Charles's smaller army at bay from mid-August to mid-October, while the fleet of Denmark, after two days’ battle, compelled the Swedish fleet to abandon its projected attack on the Danish islands. The position of the Swedish king had now become critical. In July Denmark and Poland-Lithuania concluded an offensive and defensive alliance. Still more ominously for the Swedes, the elector of Brandenburg, perceiving Sweden's difficulties, joined the league against Sweden and compelled Charles to accept the proffered mediation of Oliver Cromwell.

In the middle of December 1657 began the great frost, and it froze the sea between Sweden and Denmark solid - so the Swedes raced across and kicked Danish arse. This led to the Treaty of Roskilde (26 February 1658), whereby Denmark sacrificed a great part of her territory to save the rest. However, Charles X continued the war efforts against Denmark after a council held at Gottorp on 7 July, even though he was in defiance of international equity. Without warning, Denmark was attacked a second time. Nasty!

On 17 July he again landed on Zealand and besieged Copenhagen with its king Frederick III of Denmark, but Copenhagen repelled a major assault and managed to hold out long enough for the Dutch fleet under Lieutenant-Admiral Jacob van Wassenaer Obdam to relieve the city, defeating the Swedish fleet in the Battle of the Sound on 29 October 1658. The Dutch liberated the Danish Isles in 1659. As Baltic trade was vital to the Dutch economy they made clear to Charles they wouldn't allow Sweden to control the Sound. The Charles died.

His successor Charles XI was only a wee baby of 5, so didn't start any wars for a while. The situation in Europe was shaky during this time and Sweden was going through financial problems so the guardians of Charles XI decided to negotiate an alliance with France in 1671. France directed its aggression against the Dutch in 1672, and by the spring of 1674, Sweden was forced to take part. Denmark was an ally of the Habsburg Holy Roman Empire, and it was by now evident that Sweden was on the verge to yet another war against Denmark. An attempted remedy was made by chancellor Nils Brahe, who traveled to Copenhagen, in the spring of 1675, to try to get the Danish princess Ulrika Eleonora engaged to the Swedish king. In mid-June 1675, the engagement was officially proclaimed. However, when news arrived about the Swedish defeat in the Battle of Fehrbellin, Danish king Christian V declared war on Sweden in September, which went badly for the Swedes, then badly for the Danes and they ended up declaring it a draw.


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Lists

800AP list used at The Worlds in 2014
  • 4-pack Pike (commanded out)
  • 4-pack Pike
  • 8-pack salvo Shot with Bayonet
  • 8-pack salvo shot with bayonet
  • Superior 6-pack
  • Superior 6-pack
  • Average 6-pack + gun
  • Superior 6-pack + gun
  • 2 Light Guns
  • 4 Det Hs, Superior, Armoured Pi Pi
  • 4 Det Hs as above
  • 3 Dragoons
  • GC + 2-3 TCs (?)


900AP list used as Usk 2013
  • Pike & Shotte + Gun (Average)
  • Pike & Shotte + Gun (Average)
  • 4 Dragoons
  • 4 Horse, Determined Horse, Average, Pi/Pi
  • 4 Dragoons
  • Pike & Shotte + Gun (Superior)
  • Pike & Shotte + Gun (Average)
  • 2 Guns
  • 4 Determined Horse, Average, Pi/Pi, Armoured
  • 4 Determined Horse, Average, Pi/Pi, Armoured
  • 4 Finns, Superior Determined Horse, Armoured, Pi/Pi
  • Pike & Shotte + Gun (Superior)
  • Pike & Shotte + Gun (Superior)


Kevin Johnsons 800AP army,used by Hammy at Britcon 2012
  • 1 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 2 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 3 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • 3 MF Unarmoured Average Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 4 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • 4 MF Unarmoured Average Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 5 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • 5 MF Unarmoured Average Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 5 Reg Gun Average 1
  • 6 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 6 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 6 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 7 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 7 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 7 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 8 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 8 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 8 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 9 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 9 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 9 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 10 Swedish Horse Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 11 Swedish Horse Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 12 Field Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
Detached Shot Version of above list
  • 1 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 2 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 3 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Average Reg Gun Pike Pike 6
  • 4 Swedish Infantry MF Unarmoured Average Salvo Salvo Bayonet 6
  • 5 Swedish Infantry MF Unarmoured Average Salvo Salvo Bayonet 6
  • 6 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 6 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 6 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 7 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 7 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 7 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 8 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 8 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 8 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 9 Swedish Infantry HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 9 MF Unarmoured Superior Salvo Salvo Bayonet 4
  • 9 Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 10 Swedish Horse Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 11 Swedish Horse Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 12 Field Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2


Andy Kitcheners army from Warfare 2011
  • Pike and Shotte Unit
  • Pike and Shotte Unit
  • Pike and Shotte Unit
  • Salvo Superior Pike and Shotte Unit with a Gunne
  • Salvo Superior Pike and Shotte Unit with a Gunne
  • Salvo Superior Pike and Shotte Unit with a Gunne
  • Salvo Superior Pike and Shotte Unit with a Gunne
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 4 Determined Unarmoured Superior Pistol Pistol Horse
  • 2 Heavy Gunnes
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 4 Determined Horse, Superior, Armoured, Pistol Pistol

Tactics

  • A bit more shooty than your run of the mill Swedes.
  • Massive amounts of choice between Superior, Average, Salvo, Standard foote with or without little guns.

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday August 22, 2014 12:37:16 BST by admin. (Version 9)

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