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LATER SPANISH        

LATER SPANISH

Historical Overview

In the latter half of the 17th century, Spain went into a gradual relative decline, during which it surrendered a number of small territories to France. However it maintained and enlarged its vast overseas empire, which remained intact until the beginning of the 19th century.

After the defeat at Rocroi, the Spanish possessions and Army in Flanders were a bit knackered. This may stem from deep seated problems in the Spanish state and military from the 1630s onwards when the Count-Duke of Olivares, the key advisor to King Philip IV, had attempted to re-energise the Army of Flanders by injecting increasing numbers of the aristocracy into the senior ranks; the results had included rank inflation, a fragmented system of command and a raft of temporary appointments. By the 1650s, the officer-to-man ratio in the Army had reached the unsustainable levels of one to four - all of which were FC's as well, which is near useless for an army not famed for it's flank marches. Recruitment had steadily shifted too and by the mid-17th century, troops were increasingly being raised less by contractor and contractors, and more by either capturing men or selecting them as levies from cities and towns via lotteries (quintas or suertes). The infrastructure and support services were considerably improved, but not as much as elsewhere, and Army was increasingly perceived as a 'broken force' in European affairs. With money continuing to be tight, visitors to the provinces in the second half of the century reported seeing the Army in an appalling state, with soldiers begging and short of food. Despite this, there was no return to the mass mutinies of the preceding century.
By the end of the century, the final days of the Army of Flanders were not far away. The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–14) saw French and Allied invasions and the disintegration of central Spanish authority in the peninsula, which destroyed the basis of the Army of Flanders – it was formally disbanded in 1706.

Manufacturers

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Tactics

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Lists

Name and Date
  • Arquebusiers Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • Spanish Tercios HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • Spanish Tercios MF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • Provincial Tercios HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • Provincial Tercios MF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • Tercios Viejos HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • Tercios Viejos MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 4
  • Provincial Tercios HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • Provincial Tercios MF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • Tercios Viejos HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • Tercios Viejos MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 4
  • Cabbaleros Corozas Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • Cabbaleros Corozas Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • Cabbaleros Corozas Dt Horse Armoured Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • Arquebusiers Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • Gunnes Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • Gunnes Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 4 TCs
  • You get the idea..

Books

  • Anderson, M. S. War and Society in Europe of the Old Regime, 1618–1789 . London: Fontana. (1988)
  • Black, Jeremy. European Warfare, 1494–1660 . London: Routledge. (2002)
  • Davis, Paul K. 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present . Oxford: Oxford University Press. (2001)
  • Gonzalez de Leon, Fernando. The Road to Rocroi : Class, Culture and Command in the Spanish Army of Flanders, 1567–1659. Leiden: Brill. (2008)
  • van der Hoeven, Marco. 'Introduction', in van der Hoeven, Marco (ed) * Exercise of arms: warfare in the Netherlands, 1568–1648. Leiden: CIP. (1997)
  • Israel, Jonathan. Empires and Entrepôts: The Dutch, the Spanish Monarchy, and the Jews, 1585–1713. Continuum International Publishing Group. (1990)
  • Lynch, John. Spain Under the Habsburgs, Volume One: Empire and Absolutism, 1516 to 1598. Oxford: Blackwell. (1964)
  • Mackay, Ruth. The Limits of Royal Authority: Resistance and Authority in the 17th century Castile. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (1999)
  • Munck, Thomas. 17th century Europe, 1598–1700. London: Macmillan. (1990)
  • Parker, Geoffrey. The Dutch Revolt. London: Pelican Books. (1985)
  • Parker, Geoffrey. The Military Revolution: Military innovation and the rise of the West, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (1996)
  • Parker, Geoffrey. The Army of Flanders and the Spanish Road, 1567–1659. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (2004)
  • Ruff, Julius R. Violence in Early Modern Europe, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (2001)
  • Wedgewood, C. V. The Thirty Years War. London: Methuen. (1981)
  • Zagorin, Perez. Rebels and Rulers, 1500–1660. Volume II: Provincial rebellion: Revolutionary civil wars, 1560–1660. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (1992)




Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday 14 of February, 2012 22:23:02 GMT by admin. (Version 3)

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