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LATER IMPERIAL AUSTRIAN AND GERMAN STATES

Historical Overview

Maximilian II (31 July 1527 – 12 October 1576) was king of Bohemia and king of the Romans (king of Germany) from 1562, king of Hungary and Croatia from 1563, emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from 1564 until his death. He was a member of the House of Habsburg. His full titulature went as follows: Maximilian II, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, etc. Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Luxemburg, Württemberg, the Upper and Lower Silesia, Prince of Swabia, Margrave of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgau, Moravia, the Upper and Lower Lusatia, Princely Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Ferrette, Kyburg, Gorizia, Landgrave of Alsace, Lord of the Wendish March, Pordenone and Salins, etc. etc.

He was succeeded by Rudolf II (July 18, 1552 – January 20, 1612) who was Holy Roman Emperor (1576–1612), King of Hungary and Croatia (as Rudolf I, 1572–1608), King of Bohemia (1575–1608/1611) and Archduke of Austria (1576–1608). He was a member of the House of Habsburg.
Rudolf's legacy has traditionally been viewed as an ineffectual ruler whose mistakes led directly to the Thirty Years' War. His conflict with the Ottoman Turks was the final cause of his undoing. Unwilling to compromise with the Turks, and stubbornly determined that he could unify all of Christendom with a new Crusade, he started a long and indecisive war with the Turks in 1593. This war lasted till 1606, and was known as "The Long War". By 1604 his Hungarian subjects were exhausted by the war and revolted, led by Stephen Bocskay. In 1605 Rudolf was forced by his other family members to cede control of Hungarian affairs to his younger brother Archduke Matthias. Matthias by 1606 forged a difficult peace with the Hungarian rebels (Peace of Vienna) and the Turks (Peace of Zsitvatorok).

Matthias rallied support from the disaffected Hungarians and forced Rudolf to give up the crowns of Hungary, Austria, and Moravia to him. Matthias imprisoned Georg Keglevi? who was the Commander-in-chief, General, Vice-Ban of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia and since 1602 Baron in Transylvania, but soon left him free again. At that time the Principality of Transylvania was a fully autonomous, but only semi-independent state under the nominal suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, where it was the time of the Sultanate of Women. At the same time, seeing a moment of royal weakness, Bohemian Protestants demanded greater religious liberty, which Rudolf granted in the Letter of Majesty in 1609.

However the Bohemians continued to press for further freedoms and Rudolf used his army to repress them. The Bohemian Protestants appealed to Matthias for help, whose army then held Rudolf prisoner in his castle in Prague, until 1611, when Rudolf was forced to cede the crown of Bohemia to his brother.

Rudolf died in 1612, nine months after he had been stripped of all effective power by his younger brother, except the empty title of Holy Roman Emperor, to which Matthias was elected five months later. He died unmarried. In May 1618 with the event known as the Defenestration of Prague, the Protestant Bohemians, in defence of the rights granted them in the Letter of Majesty, began the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648).

Manufacturers

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Links


Tactics

  • Superior Tercio's are tough, and so are Cuirassiers

Lists

Dave Allens 800 AP army from Roll Call 2013
  • 4 LH, Bw
  • 4 LH, Bw
  • 2 Guns
  • 10+2+4 Keil, Av, Armoured + Aquebus
  • 10+2+4 Keil, Av, Armoured + Aquebus
  • 10+2+4 Keil, Av, Armoured + Aquebus
  • 10+2+4 Keil, Av, Armoured + Aquebus
  • 14+2 Keil, Av, Armoured
  • 4 LF, Superior, Musket
  • 4 Horse, Carbine and nothing else
  • The usual 4 Generals
Quite cute in the way the Kiels all limp over into the next deployment phase, making it look like a bigger army right until the last 1/4 goes on table

900 AP list
  • 4 carbine armed LH
  • 4 carbine armed LH
  • 4 LF Musketeers
  • 4 Cavalry, Bw/Sword, Unarmoured
  • Average Later Tercio
  • Superior Later Tercio
  • 4 Spanish Horse, Carbines
  • 4 Armoured Average Shooty Pistol melee Pistol Horse
  • 2 Medium Gunnes
  • 4 Reiters Hvy Armour, Shooty and melee Pistols
  • 4 Reiters Hvy Armour, Shooty and melee Pistols
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • Superior Spanish Later Tercio
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • 4 TCs

Video Analysis of the army


Books






Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday 26 of June, 2013 22:11:12 BST by admin. (Version 8)

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