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JURCHEN, LATER JIN AND QING        

JURCHEN, LATER JIN AND QING

Historical Overview

The Qing Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Qing or Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912. It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty.

The dynasty was founded by the Jurchen Aisin Gioro clan in contemporary Northeastern China. The Aisin Gioro leader, Nurhachi, who was originally a vassal of the Ming emperors, began unifying the Jurchen clans in the late sixteenth century. Nurhachi announced the "Seven Grievances" and openly renounced the sovereignty of Ming overlordship in order to complete the unification of those Jurchen tribes still allied with the Ming emperor. After a series of successful battles, he relocated his capital from Hetu Ala to successively bigger captured Ming cities in Liaodong Province: first Liaoyang in 1621, then Shenyang (Mukden) in 1625.

Relocating his court from Jianzhou to Liaodong provided Nurhachi access to more resources; it also brought him in close contact with the Mongol domains on the plains of Mongolia. Although by this time the once-united Mongol nation had long since fragmented into individual and hostile tribes, these tribes still presented a serious security threat to the Ming borders. Nurhachi's policy towards the Mongols was to seek their friendship and cooperation against the Ming, securing his western border from a powerful potential enemy. Furthermore, the Mongols proved a useful ally in the war, lending the Jurchens their expertise as cavalry archers. he also created the civil and military administrative system which eventually evolved into the Eight Banners, the defining element of Manchu identity and the foundation for transforming the loosely knitted Jurchen tribes into a nation. By 1635, Nurhachi's son Hong Taiji could claim they constituted a single and united Manchu people and began forcing the Ming out of Liaoning in southern Manchuria. Hong Taiji in 1634 created his own artillery corps, the ujen chooha, from among his existing Han troops who cast their own cannons in the European design with the help of captured Chinese metallurgists

In 1644, the Ming capital Beijing was sacked by a peasant revolt led by Li Zicheng, a former minor Ming official who became the leader of the peasant revolt, who then proclaimed the Shun dynasty. The last Ming ruler, the Chongzhen Emperor, committed suicide when the city fell. When Li Zicheng moved against Ming general Wu Sangui, the latter made an alliance with the Manchus and opened the Shanhai Pass to the Manchurian army. Under Prince Dorgon, they seized control of Beijing and overthrew Li Zicheng's short-lived Shun Dynasty. Complete pacification of China was accomplished around 1683 under the Kangxi Emperor.

Manufacturers

15mm Manufacturers supplying figures for this army

You are probably picking a combination of Song Chinese?, Khitan Liao?, Later Horse Nomad? and Mongol Conquest? troops for this army
You can see some of the figures in the Ancients Photo Gallery also on this site
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Links


Tactics

  • Its all about horse and artillery
  • Don;t underestimate how many dice a big bow unit can dish out, but they will die against proper European troops so assume you will lose some in combat

Lists

Pete Dalby's list from Southern League 2013 Round 2
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 6 LF, Arquebus
  • 6 LF, Arquebus
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
4 TCs

Alasdair Harley's list from Warfare 2012
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Unarmoured, Superior Tatars
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Unarmoured, Superior Tatars
  • 6 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 4 Cv, Bw/Sw, Armoured, Superior
  • 6 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 6 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 2 Heavy Guns
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun
  • 8 Bw MF with L/S front rank and a little gun

Books


Videos

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday 25 of March, 2013 22:21:58 GMT by admin. (Version 10)

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