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ITALIAN STATES        

ITALIAN STATES

Historical Overview


The Italian city-states were a political phenomenon of small independent states mostly in the central and northern Italian peninsula between the 9th and 15th centuries.

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, urban settlements in Italy generally enjoyed a greater continuity than in the rest of western Europe. Many of these towns were survivors of earlier Etruscan and Roman towns which had existed within the Roman Empire. The republican institutions of Rome had also survived. Some feudal lords existed with a servile labour force and huge tracts of land, but by the 11th century, many cities, including Venice, Milan, Florence, Genoa, Pisa, Siena, Lucca, Cremona and many others, had become large trading metropoles, able to obtain independence from their formal sovereigns.

In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Milan, Venice, and Florence were able to conquer other city-states, creating regional states. The 1454 Peace of Lodi ended their struggle for hegemony in Italy, attaining a balance of power.

At the beginning of the 16th century, apart from some minor city-states like Lucca or San Marino, only the republican Venice was able to preserve her independence and to match the European monarchies of France and Spain and the Ottoman Empire.

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Used at Derby 2016
  • 4 LH XBw
  • 4 LH Xbw
  • 4 LH Xbw
  • 4 LH Carbine
  • 4 Average Fully Armoured Gendarmes
  • 4 Average Fully Armoured Gendarmes
  • 4 LH XBw
  • 4 Superior Fully Armoured Gendarmes
  • 4 Superior Fully Armoured Gendarmes
  • 6 Average Fully Armoured Gendarmes
  • 6 Average Fully Armoured Gendarmes
  • 6 Average Fully Armoured Gendarmes
GC & 3 TCs

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Monday October 3, 2016 10:21:52 BST by admin. (Version 3)

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