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HUNGARIAN-TRANSYLVANIAN        

HUNGARIAN-TRANSYLVANIAN

Historical Overview


The Hungarian army at this time was an expensive but obsolete army, mostly reliant on old fashioned heavily armoured knights. It was divided into three main units: the Transylvanian army charged with guarding the passes in the Transylvanian Alps; the main army, led by Louis himself (beside numerous Spanish, German, Czech and Serbian mercenaries); and another smaller force, commanded by a Croatian Count.

After the stuff described in the Hungarian wiki entry happened, an Ottoman army set out from Constantinople on 16 April 1526 led by Suleiman the Magnificent to finish the job. The Hungarian nobles did not realize the dimensions of the approaching danger and almost didn't turn up at all, but then picked the wrong terrain choice for Mohacs and also didn't wait for reinforcements – so making the "not turning up and having someone ravage your country whilst you were out shopping" option look relatively attractive.

As the first of Suleiman's troops advanced onto the battlefield they were attacked and routed by Hungarian troops. This attack by the Hungarian right was successful in causing considerable chaos among the irregular Ottoman troops, but even as the Hungarian attack pressed forward, the Ottomans rallied with the arrival of Ottoman regulars deployed from the reserves. While the Hungarian right advanced far enough at one time to place Suleiman in danger from Hungarian arrows that struck his cuirass, the superiority of the Ottoman regulars and the timely charge of the Janissaries, the elite troops of the Ottomans, probably overwhelmed the attackers, particularly on the Hungarian left. The Hungarians took serious casualties from the skillfully handled Turkish artillery and musket volleys. The Hungarians could not hold their positions, and those who did not flee were surrounded and killed or captured. The result was a disaster for Hungary which meant the end of the independent Kingdom of Hungary as a unified entity.

Bohemia fell to the Habsburgs, who also dominated the Northern and western parts of Hungary and the remnants of the Kingdom of Croatia, while the Ottomans held central Hungary and suzerainty over semi-independent Transylvania. This provided the Hungarians with sufficient impetus to continue to resist the Ottoman occupation, which they did for another seventy years.
The subsequent near constant warfare required a sustained commitment of Ottoman forces, proving a drain on resources that the largely rural and war torn kingdom proved unable to repay. Christian armies besieged Buda several times during the 16th century, and Suleiman himself died of natural causes in Hungary during the Battle of Szigetvár in 1566; there were also two unsuccessful Ottoman sieges of Eger, which did not fall until 1596, seventy years after the Ottoman victory at Mohacs

Manufacturers

See the manufacturers here
The best ones for this army are...

Links


Lists

Name and Date

800ap list used at The Worlds 2014 in Koblenz
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 4 LH Carbine Pistol
  • 4 LH Bow Sword
  • 6 Shot, musket sword average MF
  • the same again
  • 6 HF, musket* Heavy Weapon
  • 2 medium Guns
  • 4 Szecklers Cv Sup Armoured Carbine Pistol
  • 4 Viteji Horse Unarmoured Carbine Pistol
  • 4 Gendarmes with Lt Lance
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • some generals.. Possibly an IC?

800AP list used in the 2013 Southern League Round 1
  • 1 Archers LF Unarmoured Average Bow 6
  • 2 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow 4
  • 3 Archers LF Unarmoured Average Bow 6
  • 4 Archers MF Unarmoured Average Bow 8
  • 5 Viteji Cavalry Armoured Average Bow Sword 4
  • 6 Haiduks (Red) MF Unarmoured Superior Arquebus Sword 6
  • 7 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow Sword 4
  • 8 Viteji Cavalry Armoured Average Bow Sword 4
  • 9 Veteran Hussars Cavalry Armoured Superior Bow Sword 4
  • 10 Voynuks HF Armoured Average Hvy W Hvy W 8
  • 11 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow Sword 4
  • 12 Boyars Gendarme Hvy Armd Superior Hvy Lance Sword 4
  • 13 Veteran Hussars Cavalry Armoured Superior Bow Sword 4
  • 14 Field guns Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 4 TCs

Richard Bodley Scotts version used at Warfare 2012
  • 4 Horse, Viteji Armoured Average Carbine Pistol
  • 4 Cavalry, Hussars, Unarmoured, Bow, Sword, Average
  • 4 Cavalry, Hussars, Unarmoured, Bow, Sword, Average
  • 6 Drabant, HF, Armoured, Musket*, Hvy Wp, Average
  • 6 Drabant, HF, Armoured, Musket*, Hvy Wp, Average
  • 6 Haiduks MF, Unarmoured, Musket*, Hvy Wp, Average
  • 6 Haiduks MF, Unarmoured, Musket*, Hvy Wp, Average
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • 6 Haiduks MF, Unarmoured, Musket*, Hvy Wp, Superior
  • 4 Szeckler Armoured cavalry, Bw/Sw, Superior
  • 4 Gendarmes, heavily Armoured and Superior

700AP list used at Oxford 2012
  • 1 Boyars Gendarme Hvy Armd Superior Hvy Lance Sword 4
  • 2 Viteji Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • 3 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow 4
  • 4 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow 4
  • 5 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow 4
  • 6 Hussars LH Unarmoured Average Bow 4
  • 7 Angry Mob (Peasants) Mob Unarmoured Poor 8
  • 8 Szeklers LH Unarmoured Superior Carbine Pistol 4
  • 9 Szeklers LH Unarmoured Superior Carbine Pistol 4
  • 10 Szekler foot LF Unarmoured Average Musket 6
  • 11 Szekler foot LF Unarmoured Average Musket 6
  • 12 Szekler foot LF Unarmoured Average Musket 6
  • 13 Medium Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2


Tactics


  • This list has some very unusual Heavy Foot shooters with Heavy Weapon as well.

Books






Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday 19 of August, 2014 21:07:59 BST by admin. (Version 8)

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