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FRENCH WARS OF RELIGION – HUGUENOT

Historical Overview

The French Wars of Religion (1562–98) was a period of civil war fought between French Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). Both sides received assistance from foreign sources.

The exact number of wars and their respective dates are the subject of continued debate by historians; some assert that the Edict of Nantes in 1598 concludes the wars, although a resurgence of rebellious activity following this leads some to believe the Peace of Alais in 1629 is the actual conclusion. However, the Massacre of Vassy in 1562 is agreed to begin the Wars of Religion and the Edict of Nantes at least ended this series of conflicts.

  • January 17, 1562 - Edict of Saint-Germain, often called the "Edict of January"
  • March 1, 1562 - Massacre of Vassy (Wassy)
  • March 1562 - March 1563 First War, ended by the Edict of Amboise
  • December 19, 1562 - Battle of Dreux
  • September 1567 - March 1568 Second War, ended by the Peace of Longjumeau
  • November 10, 1567 - Battle of Saint Denis
  • 1568–70 Third War, ended by the Peace of Saint-Germain-en-Laye
  • March 1569 - Battle of Jarnac
  • June 1569 - Battle of La Roche-l'Abeille
  • October 1569 - Battle of Moncontour
  • 1572 - St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
  • 1572–73 Fourth War, ended by the Edict of Boulogne
  • November 1572-July 1573, Siege of La Rochelle
  • May 1573 - Henry d'Anjou elected King of Poland
  • 1574 - Death of Charles IX
  • 1574–76 Fifth War, ended by the Edict of Beaulieu
  • 1576 - Formation of the first Catholic League in France
  • 1576–77 Sixth War, ended by the Treaty of Bergerac (also known as the "Edict of Poitiers")
  • 1579–80 Seventh War, ended by the Treaty of Fleix
  • June 1584 - death of François, Duke of Anjou, heir presumptive
  • December 1584 - Treaty of Joinville
  • 1585–98 Eighth War, ended by the Peace of Vervins and the Edict of Nantes
  • October 1587 - Battle of Coutras, Battle of Vimory
  • December 1588 - Assassination of the Duke of Guise and his brother
  • August 1589 - Assassination of Henry III
  • September 1589 - Battle of Arques
  • March 1590 - Battle of Ivry, Siege of Paris
  • 1593 - Henry IV abjures Protestantism
  • 1594 - Henry IV crowned in Chartres.
  • June 1595 - Battle of Fontaine-Française
  • April – September 1597 - Siege of Amiens
  • April 1598 - Edict of Nantes issued by Henry IV

These series of civil wars, interrupted by periods of relative calm, saw the Huguenots' trust in the Catholic throne diminished. The violence became more severe and Protestant demands became grander, until a lasting cessation of open hostility finally occurred in 1598.

The wars gradually took on a dynastic character, developing into an extended feud between the Houses of Bourbon and Guise, both of which—in addition to holding rival religious views—staked a claim to the French throne. The crown, occupied by the House of Valois, generally supported the Catholic side, but on occasion switched over to the Protestant cause when politically expedient. Initially Protestant preachers rallied a considerable army and a formidable cavalry, which came under the leadership of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny. Henry of Navarre and the House of Bourbon allied with the Huguenots, adding wealth and holdings to the Protestant strength. At its height, they controlled sixty fortified cities and posed a serious threat to the Catholic crown and Paris over the next three decades.

The warfare was definitively quelled in 1598, when Henry of Navarre, having succeeded to the French throne as Henry IV, and recanted Protestantism in favour of Roman Catholicism, issued the Edict of Nantes. The Edict established Catholicism as the state religion of France, but granted the Protestants equality with Catholics under the throne and a degree of religious and political freedom within their domains. The Edict simultaneously protected Catholic interests by discouraging the founding of new Protestant churches in Catholic-controlled regions.

Manufacturers

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Lists

Name and Date
800AP Warfare 2015
  • 4 Armoured Average Horse Carbine Pistol (allied)
  • 2 Commanded Shot Arquebus (allied)
  • 4 LF arquebus
  • 3 Dragoons
  • 4 Armoured Average Horse Carbine Pistol (allied)
  • 2 Commanded Shot (allied)
  • 4+4 Pike and Arquebus
  • 4 Dragoons
  • 4+4 Pike and Shot
  • 4+4 Pike and Shot
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • 4 Cuirassiers
  • A Big Swiss Keil
  • 4 LH Carbine
" 2 Guns
Ally TC and 3 TCs

800AP National League 2014 Hugenot
  • 1 Royal Swiss HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 12
  • 1 Royal Swiss HF Armoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2
  • 3 Royal Swiss HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 12
  • 3 Royal Swiss HF Armoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2
  • 5 Arquebusiers on Nags Dragoon Unarmoured Average Arquebus 3
  • 6 Arquebusiers on Nags (A) Dragoon Unarmoured Average Arquebus 3
  • 7 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 8 Lorraine Infantry HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 4
  • 8 Lorraine Infantry MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 4
  • 9 Mtd Arquebusiers (A) Horse Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • 10 Commanded Shot (A) MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 2 Cmd Shot
  • 11 Commanded Shot (A) MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 2 Cmd Shot
  • 12 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 13 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 14 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 3 TCs and an allied TC

As Above (RBS' army)
  • 4 LF
  • 2 x 4 Cuirassiers
  • 4 Haquebus Horse
  • 2 x 4 Cuirassiers
  • 2 x 2 Commanded shotte
  • 2 Commanded Shotte
  • 14 Swiss (12+2)
  • 4+4 Lorrainer Pike & shotte
  • 14 Swiss
  • 2 Poor Medium Gunnes
  • 3 TCs

900 AP Hugenot, 1590
  • 3 TCs and one allied TC
  • 1 Crap Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Arquebus 3
  • 2 Landesknechtsquenechts HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 8
  • 2 Landesknechtsquenechts HF Armoured Average Hvy W Hvy W 2
  • 2 Landesknechtsquenechts MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 4
  • 4 Arquebusiers MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6
  • 5 Enfants perdus LF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 4
  • 6 Allied Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 7 Royal Swiss HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 12 Keil
  • 7 Royal Swiss HF Unarmoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2 Keil
  • 9 Allied Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 10 Enfants perdus LF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6
  • 11 Royal Swiss HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 12 Keil
  • 11 Royal Swiss HF Unarmoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2 Keil
  • 13 Reiters Horse Armoured Average Pistol Pistol 4
  • 14 Commanded shot MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 2 Cmd Shot
  • 15 Commanded shot MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 2 Cmd Shot
  • 16 Arquebusiers MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 6
  • 17 Gunnes Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 18 Allied Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4


900 APFrench Wars of Religion Hugenots

  • 1 Enfants Perdus LF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 4
  • 2 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Arquebus 4
  • 3 Mounted Arquebus Horse Armoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • 4 French and Lorraine MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus * 4 + French and Lorraine HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 4
  • 5 French and Lorraine MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus, 4 + French and Lorraine HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 4
  • 6 Royal Swiss HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 12 Keil + Royal Swiss HF Unarmoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2 Keil
  • 8 French and Lorraine MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 4 + French and Lorraine HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 4
  • 9 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 10 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 11 Commanded Shot MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 2 Cmd Shot
  • 12 Commanded Shot MF Unarmoured Average Arquebus 2 Cmd Shot
  • 13 Cuirassiers Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 14 Medium Artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 15 Royal Swiss HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 8 Keil + Royal Swiss HF Armoured Superior Hvy W Hvy W 2 Keil

Tactics

  • One of the best Trade and Treachery lists
  • The Cuirassiers can outclass most mounted in period,and stand up against later mounted very well
  • The commanded shotte also add resilience to the Pistol-shooting Reiters - they are a waste of time and money if you use them with Cuirassiers though as they simply slow them down, and create units which are vulnerable to shooting. Cuirassiers are as good as anything in period, so don't need help.
  • The Swiss can be taken unarmoured as they are tough enough to beat most things anyway
  • Maximizing the Cuirassiers is the way to go
  • Be careful when compiling the list as this list is only allowed 3 non-allied Generals.

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Sunday 15 of November, 2015 22:31:40 GMT by admin. (Version 11)

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