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EASTERN WOODLAND CULTURE        

EASTERN WOODLAND CULTURE

Historical Overview

Usually chosen as the Huron allies of the French.

The Wyandot people or Wendat, also called Huron, are an indigenous peoples of North America. They traditionally spoke Wendat. The pre-contact people formed by the 15th century in the area of the north shore of present-day Lake Ontario, before migrating to Georgian Bay. It was in their later location that they first encountered the French explorer Samuel de Champlain in 1615, which prompted the Huron to go and meet the Europeans. Atironta, the principal headman of the Arendarhonon tribe, went to Quebec and made an alliance with the French in 1609.

The total population of the Huron at the time of European contact has been estimated at about 20,000 to 40,000 people. From 1634 to 1640, the Huron were devastated by Eurasian infectious diseases, such as measles and smallpox, to which they had no immunity. About half to two-thirds of the population died in the epidemics, decreasing the population to about 12,000.

Before the French arrived, the Huron had already been in conflict with the Iroquois nations to the south. Several thousand Huron lived as far south as present-day central West Virginia along the Kanawha River by the late 16th century, but they were driven out by the Iroquois, who invaded from present-day New York in the 17th century to secure more hunting grounds for the beaver trade. Once the European powers became involved in trading, the conflict among natives intensified significantly as they struggled to control the fur trade. The Colonial French allied with the Huron, because they were the most advanced trading nation at the time. The Iroquois tended to ally with both the Dutch or English Colonial American?s who settled at Albany and in the Mohawk Valley of their New York territory.

Introduction of European weapons and the fur trade increased competition and the severity of inter-tribal warfare. On March 16, 1649, an Iroquois war party of about 1000 burned the Huron mission villages of St. Ignace and St. Louis in present-day Simcoe County, Ontario, killing about 300 people. They also killed many of the Jesuit missionaries, who have since been honored as North American Martyrs. The surviving Jesuits burned the mission after abandoning it to prevent its capture. The Iroquois attack shocked the Huron.

By 1 May 1649, the Huron burned 15 of their villages to prevent their stores from being taken and fled as refugees to surrounding tribes. About 10,000 fled to Gahoendoe (Christian Island). Most who fled to the island starved over the winter, as it was a non-productive settlement and could not provide for them. Those who survived were believed to have resorted to cannibalism to do so. After spending the bitter winter of 1649–50 on Gahoendoe, surviving Huron relocated near Quebec City, where they settled at Wendake. Absorbing other refugees, they became the Huron-Wendat Nation. Some Huron, along with the surviving Petun, whose villages were attacked in the fall of 1649 by the Iroquois, fled to the upper Lake Michigan region, settling first at Green Bay, then at Michilimackinac.

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Tactics

  • Large numbers of Superior infantry with Impact Foot/Swordsman and decent shooting capability make this lot quite potent
  • Obviously they are then vulnerable to any enemy cavalry
  • It's a bit of a tossup whether the bow* option is better than half musket, half no shooting weapon.
  • The Early Period with Heavy Foot and Armour probably wins out on balance, as that gives a bit more stability against mounted enemies.
  • The lack of cavalry and cannon against a European army is a bit of a flaw but can be overcome with speed, aggression and lots of whoop whoop noises to unsettle the opponent.

Manufacturers



Lists

Used at Campaign 2013
  • 8 Average LF Bw
  • 6 Poor LF, Bw
  • 6 Poor LF, Bw
  • 6 Poor LF, Bw
  • 6 Poor LF, Bw
  • 6 Warriors Superior, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 6 Warriors Superior, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 6 Warriors Superior, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 8 Warriors Average, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 8 Warriors Average, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 8 Warriors Average, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 8 Warriors Average, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 6 Warriors Superior, half musket, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 8 Warriors Average, Bow*, the rest just Impact Foot Sword
  • 4 TCs

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Wednesday 12 of June, 2013 19:40:11 BST by admin. (Version 4)

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