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EARLY THIRTY YEARS WAR GERMAN CATHOLIC

Historical Overview

1618-1632

Emperor Matthias wanted to see his dynastic heir (the fiercely Catholic Ferdinand of Styria, later Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor) elected to the royal thrones of Bohemia and Hungary, which scared some of the Protestant leaders of Bohemia. Two of Ferdinands Catholic councillors were thrown out of a palace window in Prague in the (Second) Defenestration of Prague, which of course started the Bohemian Revolt. The conflict spread through Bohemia proper, Silesia, Upper and Lower Lusatia, and Moravia. Had the Bohemian rebellion remained a local conflict, the war could have been over in fewer than thirty months. However, the death of Emperor Matthias emboldened the rebellious Protestant leaders, who had been on the verge of a settlement. The war spread to western Germany, as Ferdinand called on his nephew, King Philip IV of Spain, for assistance and The Bohemians, desperate for allies against the Emperor, applied to be admitted into the Protestant Union.

The Catholic League's army (which included René Descartes in its ranks) pacified Upper Austria, while Imperial forces under Johan Tzerclaes, Count of Tilly, pacified Lower Austria. The two armies united and moved north into Bohemia. Ferdinand II decisively defeated Frederick V at the Battle of White Mountain, near Prague, on 8 November 1620 and the rebellion collapsed. The remnants of the Protestant armies, led by Count Ernst von Mansfeld and Duke Christian of Brunswick, withdrew into Dutch service.

The Danes were next to be worried about losing Protestantism, and they piled into Germany. To sort this out Ferdinand II employed the military help of Albrecht von Wallenstein, a Bohemian nobleman who had made himself rich from the confiscated estates of his countrymen. Wallenstein pledged his army, which numbered between 30,000 and 100,000 soldiers, to Ferdinand II in return for the right to plunder the captured territories. he pasted the Danes, but couldn't capture Copenhagen and the Danes ducked out.

Next up against the Germans were the Swedes. Gustavus Adolphus came to aid the German Lutherans, to forestall Catholic aggression against his homeland, and to obtain economic influence in the German states around the Baltic Sea. He was also heavily subsidized by Cardinal Richelieu, the Chief Minister of Louis XIII of France, and by the Dutch. From 1630 to 1634, Swedish-led armies drove the Catholic forces back, regaining much of the lost Protestant territory.

Manufacturers

See the manufacturers here
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Links

Lists

700AP list used at Oxford by Lynette Maxim
  • 1 Veteran Infantry MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 6 LT
  • 1 Veteran Infantry HF Armoured Superior Pike Pike 3 LT
  • 2 Infantry Regiments MF Unarmoured Average Musket 6 LT
  • 2 Infantry Regiments HF Armoured Average Pike Pike 3 LT
  • 3 Musketenkompianien MF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 4 Schuzenkompanien LF Unarmoured Superior Musket 4
  • 5 Kurassiere Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 6 Bandellier Reiters Horse Armoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • 7 Kossaken LH Unarmoured Average Carbine Pistol 4
  • 8 Kossaken LH Unarmoured Average Carbine 4
  • 9 Kossaken LH Unarmoured Average Carbine 4
  • 10 Dragoner Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 3
  • 11 Dragoner Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 3
  • 12 Medium field artillery Artillery Average Med Art 2
IC + 3 TCs

700AP list used at Oxford 2012 by Dave Parrish
  • 1 light Art Artillery Average Lt Art 2
  • 2 Commanded shot MF Unarmoured Average Musket 2 Cmd Shot
  • 3 Commanded shot MF Unarmoured Average Musket 2 Cmd Shot
  • 4 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 5 Pike HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 4
  • 6 Musket MF Unarmoured Average Musket 8
  • 7 Musket MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 4
  • 7 Pike HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 7 reg gun Reg Gun Superior 1
  • 8 Musket MF Unarmoured Average Musket 4
  • 8 Pike HF Unarmoured Average Pike Pike 2
  • 8 reg gun Reg Gun Average Reg Gun 1
  • 9 Musket MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 4
  • 9 Pike HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 9 reg gun Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
  • 10 Musket MF Unarmoured Superior Musket 4
  • 10 Pike HF Unarmoured Superior Pike Pike 2
  • 10 reg gun Reg Gun Superior Reg Gun 1
  • 11 Crabaten LH Unarmoured Average Carbine 4
  • 12 Kurassiere Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4
  • 13 Kurassiere Horse Hvy Armd Superior Pistol Pistol 4



TYW German Catholics
• 6 Average Armoured Pike and Shotte
• 6 Average Armoured Pike and Shotte
• 3 Dragoons
• 3 Dragoons
• 4 Average Armoured Pike (Commanded Out)
• 4 Armoured Carabins, Average Horse Carbine/Pi
• 4 Proper Cuirassiers
• 4 Proper Cuirassiers
• 8 Average Shot (Commanded Out)
• 4 Proper Cuirassiers
• 4 Proper Cuirassiers
• 4 Average Armoured Carabins, Carbine/Pi Horse
• 3 Guns
• 2 Commanded Shot
• 2 Commanded Shot

Tactics

  • The Later Tercio is a rare beast and hard to resist - and unusually for a novelty, Tilly's vets can prove well worth the points - they will almost (key word is almost) never take a cohesion test from shooting
  • Place the superiors in the middle and keep the average on the sides letting the superiors run in and take the major pounding and with enough luck you will blitz your enemy and return the Pope to his former glory
  • Tillys Tercio's large frontage makes them somewhat vulnerable to enemy P&S units as you can easily find yourself getting charged by 2 of them and splitting your dice so hold some of them back for later deployment and try to keep their positioning in mind.
  • Basically, a superior Tercio can take a lot of punishment, and ramming the things down your opponent's army's throat is probably the best use of them.
  • The Tartschier troop type in the 30YW German Catholic list look interesting but are difficult to use and overpriced. They only really work as an overlap, or rear support

Books






Created by admin. Last Modification: Saturday 12 of October, 2013 18:28:48 BST by admin. (Version 10)

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