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EARLY 17TH CENTURY FRENCH        

EARLY 17TH CENTURY FRENCH

Historical Overview

Louis XIII ascended to the throne in 1610 at the age of eight-and-a-half, upon the assassination of his father. His mum Marie looked after the country, for a while but she was unable to prevent rebellion by nobles like Henry II de Bourbon, prince de Condé (the next-in-line to the throne). Condé squabbled with Marie in 1614, briefly raising an army, but as he received little support Marie was able to raise her own army too. But then Louis got older and booted her out.

When The Thirty Years' War broke out in 1618 the French were initially unsure what side to support. On the one hand they had always hated the House of Habsburg, so should support the Protestant powers (and Louis's father Henry IV of France was once a Huguenot leader). On the other hand Louis XIII had had a strict religious Catholic upbringing and his natural inclination was therefore to support the Catholic Holy Roman Emperor, the Habsburg Ferdinand II.

Louis started cracking down on the Hugenots and their silly hats, which kicked off The Huguenot rebellions, the first since the French Wars of Religion of 1562–1598. The rebellion led to major military encounters which ended in defeat for the Huguenots: the Siege of Montauban in 1621, the Naval battle of Saint-Martin-de-Ré on 27 October 1622, the Capture of Ré island in 1625, and the Siege of La Rochelle in 1627-1628 which became an international conflict with the involvement of England in the Anglo-French War (1627-1629). All this meant that they were too busy to actually intervene in the real Thirty Years War until 1635.

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Created by admin. Last Modification: Friday 06 of January, 2012 13:23:46 GMT by admin. (Version 2)

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