Loading...
 
Colonial French        

Colonial French

Historical Overview

The French colonization of the Americas began in the 16th century, and continued on into the following centuries as France established a colonial empire in the Western Hemisphere. France founded colonies in much of eastern North America, on a number of Caribbean islands, and in South America. Most colonies were developed to export products such as fish, sugar, and furs. As they colonized the New World, the French established forts and settlements that would become such cities as Quebec and Montreal in Canada; Detroit, Green Bay, St. Louis, Cape Girardeau, Mobile, Biloxi, Baton Rouge and New Orleans in the United States; and Port-au-Prince and Cap-Haïtien in Haiti.

Later, in 1534, Francis sent Jacques Cartier on the first of three voyages to explore the coast of Newfoundland and the St. Lawrence River. The French subsequently tried to establish several colonies throughout North America that failed, due to weather, disease, or conflict with other European powers. Cartier attempted to create the first permanent European settlement in North America at Cap-Rouge (Quebec City) in 1541 with 400 settlers but the settlement was abandoned the next year after bad weather and first nations attacks. A small group of French troops were left on Parris Island, South Carolina in 1562 to build Charlesfort, but left after a year when they were not resupplied by France. Fort Caroline established in present-day Jacksonville, Florida in 1564, lasted only a year before being destroyed by the Spanish from St. Augustine. An attempt to settle convicts on Sable Island off Nova Scotia in 1598 failed after a short time.

In 1599, a sixteen-person trading post was established in Tadoussac (in present-day Quebec), of which only five men survived the first winter. In 1604, Saint Croix Island in Acadia was the site of a short-lived French colony, much plagued by illness, perhaps scurvy. The following year the settlement was moved to Port Royal. Fort Saint Louis was established in Texas in 1685, but was gone by 1688. France lost New France to the British through six colonial wars (the four French and Indian Wars as well as Father Rale's War and Father Le Loutre's War).

From 1555 to 1567, French Huguenots, under the leadership of vice-admiral Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, made an attempt to establish the colony of France Antarctique in what is now Brazil, but were expelled. From 1612 to 1615, a second failed attempt was made in present-day São Luís, Brazil.


French Guiana located in the South American continent.
French Guiana was first settled by the French in 1604, although its earliest settlements were abandoned in the face of American Indian hostility and tropical diseases. The settlement of Cayenne was established in 1643, but was abandoned. It was re-established in the 1660s.

Links


Tactics

  • The New France army, with Huron allies is the best option - otherwise its a fairly dull load of musketeers
  • The three units of Poor troops can provide cheap rear support to shore up the main infantry line
  • Having a few units of Impact foot livens things up

Manufacturers

Maybe a bit left field, but consider using a scattering of Russian/Polish type figures for the local woodsmen, as then they can be in fur hats!

Lists

800AP French with Huron used at Campaign 2013
  • 6 LF musketeers, Average
  • 6 LF musketeers, Average
  • 6 LF musketeers, Average
  • 6 LF musketeers, Average
  • 6 Local musketeers, Average
  • 6 French Foot musketeers Average
  • 6 French Foot musketeers Average
  • 6 French Foot musketeers Average
  • 6 French Foot musketeers Average
  • 6 French Foot musketeers Average
  • 6 Local musketeers, Poor
  • 6 Local musketeers, Poor
  • 6 Local musketeers, Poor
  • 2 Light Guns
  • 6 LF Indians with bow
  • 8 Average Huron warriors, Half Musket, the rest just ImpFt, Sw
  • 4 TCs including an ally

800AP French with Huron used at Campaign 2013
  • 6 Local musketeers, Poor
  • 6 Local musketeers, Poor
  • 6 Local musketeers, Poor
  • 6 Local musketeers, Average
  • 6 Local musketeers, Average
  • 6 Local musketeers, Average
  • 6 French Impact Foot musketeers*, Average
  • 6 French Impact Foot musketeers*, Average
  • 8 Huron warriors, Bw*, ImpFt, Sw
  • 8 Huron warriors, Bw*, ImpFt, Sw
  • 6 French Impact Foot musketeers*, Average
  • 6 French Impact Foot musketeers*, Average
  • 8 Superior Huron warriors, Half Musket, the rest just ImpFt, Sw
  • 8 Average Huron warriors, Half Musket, the rest just ImpFt, Sw
  • 6 LF, Muskets
  • 4 TCs

Books


Videos

Use the Youtube button to insert a youtube video here

Created by admin. Last Modification: Sunday 02 of June, 2013 09:45:08 BST by admin. (Version 3)

News Feeds

RSS Feeds