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BUCCANEER        

BUCCANEER

Historical Overview

The buccaneers were pirates who attacked Spanish shipping in the Caribbean Sea during the 17th century. The term buccaneer is now used generally as a synonym for pirate. Originally, buccaneer crews were larger, more apt to attack coastal cities, and more localized to the Caribbean than later pirate crews who sailed to the Indian Ocean on the Pirate Round in the late 17th century.

The term buccaneer derives from the Caribbean Arawak word buccan, a wooden frame for smoking meat, preferably manatee. From this became derived in French the word boucane and hence the name boucanier for French hunters who used such frames to smoke meat. English colonists anglicised the word boucanier to buccaneer.

About 1630, some Frenchmen who were driven away from the island of Hispaniola fled to nearby Tortuga. The Spaniards tried to drive them out of Tortuga, but the buccaneers were joined by many other French, Dutch and English and turned to piracy against Spanish shipping, generally using small craft to attack galleons in the vicinity of the Windward Passage. Finally they became so strong that they even sailed to the mainland of Spanish America and sacked cities.

English settlers occupying Jamaica began to spread the name buccaneers with the meaning of pirates. The name became universally adopted later in 1684 when the first English translation of Alexandre Exquemelin's book The Buccaneers of America was published. Viewed from London, buccaneering was a low-budget way to wage war on England's rival, Spain. So, the English crown licensed buccaneers with letters of marque, legalizing their operations in return for a share of their profits. The buccaneers were invited by Jamaica's Governor Thomas Modyford to base ships at Port Royal. The buccaneers robbed Spanish shipping and colonies, and returned to Port Royal with their plunder, making the city the most prosperous in the Caribbean. There even were Royal Navy officers sent to lead the buccaneers, such as Christopher Myngs. Their activities went on irrespective of whether England happened to be at war with Spain or France. When buccaneers raided towns, they did not sail into port and bombard the defenses, as naval forces typically did. Instead, they secretly beached their ships out of sight of their target, marched overland, and attacked the towns from the landward side, which was usually less fortified. Their raids relied mainly on surprise and speed

In the 1690s, the old buccaneering ways began to die out, as European governments began to discard the policy of "no peace beyond the Line." Buccaneers were hard to control and might embroil their colonies in unwanted wars. Notably, at the 1697 joint French-buccaneer siege of Cartagena, led by Bernard Desjean, Baron de Pointis, the buccaneers and the French regulars parted on extremely bitter terms. Less tolerated by local Caribbean officials, buccaneers increasingly turned to legal work or else joined regular pirate crews who sought plunder in the Indian Ocean, the east coast of North America, or West Africa as well as in the Caribbean.

Manufacturers

15mm Figure Manufacturers
  • Vexillia sell the Captain Miniatures Napoleonic ranges, which include Napoleonic pirates, and even Barbary Pirates. They are very much 18mm, but the Barbary Pirates in particular are excellent figures. The Vexillia site has excellent shots of all of them painted to a professional standard.
  • Minifigs have a few pirates, sold in the Minifigs From Pike to Shot range. The packs over Ship's gun & Crew, Pirates in Tricorne (x8) and Armed Crew (x8). There are some variants in each pack, and the Flashman Blog has some very clear pictures of them all.
  • Peter Pig have a true-15mm Pirate range with a lot of variety covering corsairs, government and pirate forces. There are 32 packs in the range, and they all have some variety in each pack - they also sell a useful Pirate boat with rowing crew too. For a marker for a naval unit Peter Pig do some small scale boats too.
  • Blue Moon 18mm pirate range, sold by Old Glory 25mm in the UK. At the 18mm end of the 15mm scale, sold in biggish bags covering Pirate Captains, Pirates and Treasure, Guns, Crew, Civilians and European Crew - all of which are largely interchangeable. They also sell resin cast Pirate Ships in 18/15mm.
  • East Riding Miniatures carry Grumpys Miniatures Pirates in 15mm designed as 17th century Buccaneers of the Caribbean. They have 6 figure codes including gun crew, and sell some fun things like shark fins and whale tails. They are closer to Peter Pig in size than the 18mm ranges, each pack with several variants. Decent pictures on the ERM website. Their Colonial Portuguese range is probably also suitable
  • Museum have 11 pirates, including an Innkeeper - clear photos on their site. A little large for 15mm.
  • Rebel Minis have some fantasy pirate stuff - with mermaids, a giant rat and Skeleton pirates.

There are around 30 pictures of various 15mm Pirates online on this website with details of manufacturers, allowing you to compare heights etc

Image

Links


Tactics

  • Charge! Actually, no, seriously, "Shoot" as much as you can, then get into combat where the Swordsman factor will hopefully come into play!
  • Take the bulk of the infantry in 8's so they have some resilience to shooting
  • The waterway is useful to narrow the table and anchor a flank - with the addition of the ship it creates a 14" no-go zone for enemy down which some of your units can advance with impunity
  • The downside, if you can call it that, is that it means you almost have to have a GC in order to stand half a chance of winning the initiative roll. However a GC is actually quite useful, as this is a small army so most units will be in his zone of influence for a lot of the game, and you really can't afford to lose any of them to shooting-based cohesion losses before you get into close quarters combat where the Impact and Swordsmen factors should start to give you an advantage
  • Don't forget that it does not provide a secure flank, so any pirates within 12" of the table edge will count a -1 on shooting and morale.
  • The need/wish to take the waterway sort of means a GC is necessary, rather limiting your army choice is you also assume the 2 Superior units need to be taken too.
  • Try to always fight with the Superiors and Impact foot, which will mean wasting some 6-strong Normal Pirate units in rear support.
  • The bombers make a good cheap unit to scoot along the water's edge
  • The Dragoons are less useful than the LF, as they cannot interpenetrate back through your own troops, and are vulnerable to an unlucky enemy shooting result, so it may be difficult to withdraw them before they are lost - and with only 14 units at the absolute maximum in the army, you can't afford to lose any at all.

Lists

900AP list used at Oxford 2013

  • GC + 2 TCs + Ally
  • 1 Local Injuns LF Unarmoured Average Musket 6
  • 2 Grenadoes LF Unarmoured Average Bombs 4
  • 3 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 4 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 5 Old Pirates MF Unarmoured Superior Musket Sword 6
  • 6 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 7 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 8 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 9 Old Pirates MF Unarmoured Superior Musket Sword 6
  • 10 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 11 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 12 Pirate Cannons Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 13 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 6
  • A Ship Naval Average Naval 1
  • 14 Dragoons Dragoon Unarmoured Average musket Sword 3


My 800AP list used at Campaign
  • GC + 2 TCs
  • 11 Local Injuns LF Unarmoured Average Musket 6
  • 12 Grenadoes LF Unarmoured Average Bombs 4
  • 1 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 2 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 8 Old Pirates MF Unarmoured Superior Musket Sword 6
  • 6 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 7 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 3 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 9 Old Pirates MF Unarmoured Superior Musket Sword 6
  • 4 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 5 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 10 Pirate Cannons Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 13 A Ship Naval Average Naval 1

800 AP list used at Campaign 2013
  • 6 LF, Bow
  • 6 Pirates, Sensible, Allied
  • 6 Pirates, Sensible
  • 6 Pirates, Sensible
  • 6 Pirates, Crazy, Allied
  • 6 LF, Bow
  • 6 Pirates, Sensible
  • 2 Dragoons on nags
  • 6 Pirates, Old
  • 6 Pirates, Old
  • 6 Pirates, Crazy
  • 8 Pirates, Crazy
  • 2 Gunnes
  • Allied TC + 3 TCs or possibly a GC in there too

800 AP list used at Campaign 2013
  • 4 Bombers
  • 6 Superior Old Pirates
  • 6 Superior Old Pirates
  • 6 Average Pirates
  • 6 Average Pirates
  • 6 Average Pirates
  • 6 Average Pirates
  • 6 Bloodthirsty Pirates
  • 6 Bloodthirsty Pirates
  • 6 Bloodthirsty Pirates
  • 6 Bloodthirsty Pirates
  • 6 local woodsmen or Indians with bows
  • 6 local woodsmen or Indians with bows
  • 2 Guns
  • IC and 3 TCs

800AP list used by me at Campaign 2013
  • IC and 2 TCs
  • 11 Local Injuns LF Unarmoured Average Musket 6
  • 12 Grenadoes LF Unarmoured Average Bombs 4
  • 1 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 2 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 8 Old Pirates MF Unarmoured Superior Musket Sword 6
  • 6 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 7 Mad Pirates Warriors Unarmoured Average Musket'* Impact Ft. Sword 8
  • 3 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 9 Old Pirates MF Unarmoured Superior Musket Sword 6
  • 4 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 5 Organised Buccaneers MF Unarmoured Average Musket Sword 6
  • 10 Pirate Cannons Artillery Average Med Art 2
  • 13 A Ship Naval Average Naval 1

Books


Videos



Created by admin. Last Modification: Tuesday 29 of October, 2013 21:44:34 GMT by admin. (Version 23)

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